In the early 1980s, the Soviet Union had developed two MiG-31D Foxhounds as a launch platform for a potential anti-satellite version of the R-77 Vympel air-to-air missile
Even though most probably this footage is nothing more than a “MiG-31 propaganda video,” in the early 1980s, the Soviet Union had developed two MiG-31D Foxhounds as a launch platform for a potential anti-satellite version of the R-77 Vympel (NATO reporting name AA-12 Adder) air-to-air missile. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, this project was put on hold due to reduced defense expenditures. However, in Aug. 2009, the Russian Air and Space Force (RuASF) had announced the resumption of the program.
Moreover in 2010 several reports indicated that Russia was “developing a fundamentally new weapon that can destroy potential targets in space,” in the form of the Sokol Eshelon an airborne laser anti-satellite system based on a Beriev A-60 aircraft.
Furthermore in 2015 Russia successfully tested a direct ascent anti-satellite missile, known as Nudol, which in May 2016 was launched for the second time from the Plesetsk cosmodrome test launch facility, located 500 miles north of Moscow.