You either love it or hate it: why 50 years after its first flight the F-14 Tomcat is still a highly controversial aircraft

You either love it or hate it: why 50 years after its first flight the F-14 Tomcat is still a highly controversial aircraft

By Tom Cooper
Dec 22 2020
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The F-14 saw much more combat than usually thought: indeed, much more than the other ‘teen fighters’ – including F-15, F-16, and F/A-18 – combined.

Yesterday was the 50th anniversary of the first flight of the Grumman F-14 Tomcat: something like that type’s 50th birthday.

The F-14 was always highly controversial: partially developed for a task it never performed in real life, complex, expensive, and providing capabilities de-facto undreamt of at earlier times. It was the last of what I call ‘muscle plane’: even if the first aircraft ever to have microchips installed, it had no such accessories like fly-by-wire, and was terribly troubled by its original engines (and few other vices). On the contrary, its weapons system was easily outmatching everything that was in service from the 1970s well into the 1990s. Some crews loved it (and still love the Tomcat), others not, and it’s certain that ground crews servicing the type have had (and still have) their own feelings about the type: regardless if positivelly or negativelly, it’s unlikely the Tomcat has ever left anybody unimpressed.

VF-31 F-14D

The F-14 also saw much more combat than usually thought: indeed, much more than the other ‘teen fighters’ – including F-15, F-16, and F/A-18 – combined. Alone during the 1980s, it saw eight years of intensive combat operations during the Iran-Iraq War, where it scored its first kill ever (a gun kill against an Iraqi Mi-25 attack helicopter), and then in service with the US Navy off Iran (Iran hostage crisis), Libya (two air combats and dozens of ‘close calls’), Lebanon and Syria (reconnaissance ‘only’), Somalia (reconnaissance) etc. Finally, in 1991 it took part in the last conflict in which it served in its original role, as a ‘pure’ interceptor, during the II Persian Gulf War. Subsequently, it was deployed during the Iran-Azerbaijan stand-offs in the 1990s, and then – and also as a strike aircraft – by the US Navy in Bosnia (1992-1995), over Kosovo (1999), in Afghanistan (2001-2006), and in Iraq (2003-2006).

VF-33 F-14A Print
This print is available in multiple sizes from AircraftProfilePrints.com – CLICK HERE TO GET YOURS. F-14A Tomcat VF-33 Starfighters / Tarsiers , AB201 / 19428 / 1982

Exactly how many aerial victories diverse F-14-crews have scored over the time remains unknown – simply because the work on cross-checking all the related Iranian claims is still going on. Certainly enough, more than 160 claims are known by Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF) crews alone, plus nearly half a dozen by crews of the US Navy: however, this should not mean that all the claims by crews of both services are known or have been fully cross-examined…just like not all the F-14-losses have been restlessly researched and their reasons definitely determined.

F-14 model
This Model is Available from AirModels! CLICK HERE TO GET YOURS.

(I wouldn’t be surprised if, once all the related work is complete, sometimes in the future, it turns out the total is higher than the total of confirmed kills by F-15 and F-16, combined.)

Sadly, the US Navy withdrew its Tomcats from service back in 2006. The IRIAF still has about 60, and is keeping some 40 of these in active service – in turn proving there’s still much life left in Grumman’s last cat.

More interesting F-14 stories written by The Aviation Geek Club contributor Tom Cooper are featured in  Helion & Company In the Claws of the Tomcat.

IRIAF F-14A Tomcats

Photo credit: U.S. Navy and Imperial Iranian Air Force


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Tom Cooper

Tom Cooper

Tom Cooper, from Austria, is a military-aviation journalist and historian. Following a career in a worldwide transportation business — in which, during his extensive travels in Europe and the Middle East, he established excellent contacts — he moved into writing. An earlier fascination with post-Second World War military aviation has narrowed to focus on smaller air forces and conflicts, about which he has collected extensive archives of material. Concentrating primarily on air warfare that has previously received scant attention, he specializes in investigative research on little-known African and Arab air forces, as well as the Iranian Air Force. Cooper has published 21 books — including the unique Arab MiGs' series, which examines the deployment and service history of major Arab air forces in conflicts with Israel — as well as over 200 articles on related topics, providing a window into a number of previously unexamined yet fascinating conflicts and relevant developments.

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