Weapons

Watch this clip of a USAF B-29 dropping the VB-13 Tarzon bomb, the American guided variant of the British 12,000-pound Tall Boy

The B-29 Superfortress

Designed in 1940 as an eventual replacement for the B-17 and B-24, the first B-29 made its maiden flight on Sept. 21, 1942. In December 1943 US Army Air Forces (USAAF) leadership committed the Superfortress to Asia, where its great range made it particularly suited for the long over-water flights against the Japanese homeland from bases in China.

During the last two months of 1944, B-29s began operating against Japan from the islands of Saipan, Guam and Tinian. With the advent of the conflict in Korea in June 1950, the B-29 returned to combat. Although vulnerable to MiG-15 jet fighter attacks, the Superfortress remained effective against several types of targets throughout the Korean War.

B-29 dropping the VB-13 Tarzon

The interesting video in this post features a US Air Force (USAF) B-29 dropping the then new VB-13 Tarzon. As the clip shows, the bomb was not only hugely destructive but it also had an impressive accuracy. The Tarzon could be released and guided to a desired target as opposed to being dropped and merely falling in a desired area like the bombs dropped during World War II.

First developed in 1946, the enormous VB-13 Tarzon offered much greater destructive power than the VB-3 Razon on which it was based.

The VB-13 was essentially a British 12,000-pound Tall Boy bomb fitted with forward and rear shrouds having control surfaces to permit bomb control in both range and azimuth. It was tracked visually by means of a tail flare and was radio-controlled by the bombardier. The name “Tarzon” came from a combination of Tall Boy and Razon.

Tarzon program halted

World War II ended while the bomb was still in the development stage and the program was halted, but the program was reorganized in 1950 for testing with B-29 and B-36 aircraft.

While the B-29’s bomb bay needed to be modified to carry one VB-13, some sources state that eighteen Convair B-36 Peacemaker heavy bombers were converted to carry two Tarzons each.

30 VB-13 Tarzon bombs dropped in Korea

According to the National Museum of the United States Air Force, the first Tarzon attack in Korea took place in December 1950, and by the end of January, 19th Bomb Group B-29s had cut spans out of four bridges. Tarzons remained in short supply, however, and after a B-29 was believed lost attempting to jettison one, the Air Force canceled the Tarzon in August 1951.

Of the 30 Tarzons dropped in Korea, 11 hit their targets, destroying six bridges and damaging another.

Photo credit: U.S. Air Force

Dario Leone

Dario Leone is an aviation, defense and military writer. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviation Geek Club” one of the world’s most read military aviation blogs. His writing has appeared in The National Interest and other news media. He has reported from Europe and flown Super Puma and Cougar helicopters with the Swiss Air Force.

Recent Posts

Did you know that even though the A-3 Skywarrior didn’t have a bombsight was the most accurate dive bomber during the Vietnam War?

The A-3 Skywarrior The Douglas A-3 Skywarrior was designed as a strategic bomber for the… Read More

21 hours ago

Unique SR-71 Cockpit photos show why no cockpit demands as much intense focus as a Blackbird’s

The Blackbird The SR-71, unofficially known as the “Blackbird,” was a long-range, Mach 3+, strategic… Read More

2 days ago

Two B-52 Stratofortresses land at civilian airport to test their ability to operate in austere environments

B-52 Stratofortresses land at civilian airport A pair of B-52H Stratofortresses from the 20th Bomb… Read More

2 days ago

Anatoly Kvochur, test pilot who ejected 2 seconds Before the Crash of his MiG-29 and first to land a Fulcrum on American soil, passes away

Russian test pilot Anatoly Kvochur passes away Russian test pilot Anatoly Kvochur passed away on… Read More

3 days ago