Aviation History

Remembering the F-16 fighter jet modified to test the F-35’s diverterless supersonic inlet

The diverterless supersonic inlet was installed on a F-16 Block 30 fighter, replacing aircraft’s original intake diverter.

Considered the backbone of the US Air Force’s (USAF) fighter fleet for more than three decades, the F-16 Fighting Falcon has, and continues to play, an important role in air superiority. Evolving from a 1972 competition that called for a lightweight, highly maneuverable fighter jet, the F-16 won the contest and entered production in 1972. Part of its initial production included an agreement creating a consortium between the United States and four NATO countries: Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands and Norway. From then on, the F-16 evolved from an air superiority day fighter to an all-weather, multirole aircraft—still in use today around the globe.

An F-16 was even modified with a diverterless supersonic inlet, or DSI, developed for the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) – now the F-35 Lightning II – program. According to Code One Magazine, at high aircraft speeds through supersonic, the bump in the inlet works with the forward-swept inlet cowl to redirect unwanted boundary layer airflow away from the inlet, essentially doing the job of heavier, more complex, and more costly diverters used by several current fighters. The flight test program consisted of twelve flights flown in nine days in December 1996.

Initial research into the DSI was done by Lockheed Martin in the early 1990s. The first Lockheed DSI was flown on Dec. 11, 1996 as part of a Technology Demonstration project. It was installed on a F-16 Block 30 fighter, replacing aircraft’s original intake diverter. The modified F-16 demonstrated a maximum speed of Mach 2.0 (Mach 2.0 is the F-16’s clean certified maximum speed) and handling characteristics similar to a normal F-16. It was also shown that subsonic specific excess power was slightly improved.

The DSI concept was introduced into the Joint Advanced Strike Technology (JAST, which later became JSF) program as a trade study item in mid-1994. It was compared with a traditional “caret” style inlet. Than a DSI was incorporated into the design of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II after proving to be 30% lighter and showing lower production and maintenance costs over traditional inlets while still meeting all performance requirements.

Traditional aircraft inlets contain many heavy moving parts. In comparison, DSI completely eliminates all moving parts, which makes it far less complex and more reliable than earlier diverter-plate inlets. The removal of moving parts also reduces the overall weight of the aircraft.

This print is available in multiple sizes from AircraftProfilePrints.com – CLICK HERE TO GET YOURS. F-35A Lightning II 56th OG, 61st FS, LF/12-5050 / 2014

DSIs also crucially improve the aircraft’s very-low-observable characteristics (by eliminating radar reflections between the diverter and the aircraft’s skin). Additionally, the “bump” surface reduces the engine’s exposure to radar, significantly reducing a strong source of radar reflection because they provide an additional shielding of engine fans against radar waves.

Analysts have noted that the DSI reduces the need for application of radar-absorbent materials (RAMs).

Photo credit: Lockheed Martin

This model is available from AirModels! CLICK HERE TO GET YOURS.
Dario Leone

Dario Leone is an aviation, defense and military writer. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviation Geek Club” one of the world’s most read military aviation blogs. His writing has appeared in The National Interest and other news media. He has reported from Europe and flown Super Puma and Cougar helicopters with the Swiss Air Force.

Recent Posts

Legendary German Ace Adolf Galland recalls when He nearly Burned to Death after his Messerschmitt Bf 109 was badly damaged by a RAF Spitfire

Legendary German Ace Adolf Galland By far the best-known of Germany’s World War II fighter… Read More

7 hours ago

Lockheed Martin Delivers 2,700th C-130 Hercules Tactical Airlifter

2,700th C-130 Hercules Tactical Airlifter delivered As the photo in this post shows, Lockheed Martin… Read More

7 hours ago

The story of the B-1B supersonic gunship, The Bone armed with the AH-64 Apache 30mm ‘chain gun’ that never was

The Bone Nicknamed “The Bone,” the B-1B Lancer is a long-range, multi-mission, supersonic conventional bomber,… Read More

1 day ago

USAF F-22 Raptor fleet surpasses 500,000 flight hours

F-22 Raptor fleet reaches 500,000 flight hours As the video in this post shows, the… Read More

1 day ago

Airline pilot explains why Concorde cockpit was one of the most user-friendly cockpits of its era and why it paved the way for modern cockpits of today Airbus airliners

The Concorde The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde was a British-French supersonic passenger jet airliner. It had a maximum speed of Mach… Read More

2 days ago