Losses and Aviation Safety

F-35A Lightning II that caught fire at Mountain Home AFB in 2016 converted into Crash Damaged or Disabled Aircraft Recovery trainer

The 388th Maintenance Group at Hill Air Force Base recently hosted a first of its kind, F-35 crash recovery course, using a newly-retired, now reassembled F-35A Lightning II.

The 388th Maintenance Group at Hill Air Force Base (AFB) recently hosted a first of its kind, F-35 crash recovery course, using a newly-retired, now reassembled F-35A Lightning II.

As explained by Todd Cromar, 75th Air Base Wing Public Affairs, in the article New life for restored F-35 jet leads to valuable emergency training, the F-35 Joint Program Office’s five-day Crash Damaged or Disabled Aircraft Recovery course included 29 maintainers from across the F-35 program, sister services as well as F-35 partner nations. The training covered how to handle different scenarios safely and effectively, such as a collapsed nose gear, pilot extraction and aircraft hoisting.

“This training is invaluable for not only our U.S. military, but also for our partner countries who operate the F-35,” said Master Sgt. Andrew Wilkow, instructor and one of the course designers. “Unfortunately, occasional mishaps take place, which necessitates having personnel properly trained on recovery procedures and how to safely accomplish these tasks.”

Training for these “worst-case” types of scenarios takes an aircraft that can be roughed up a bit.

A reassembled F-35A airframe is hoisted during a new Crash Damaged or Disabled Aircraft Recovery training course Sept. 13, 2022, at Hill Air Force Base, Utah. The F-35 Joint Program Office’s first CDDAR course included 29 maintainers from across the F-35 program, sister services as well as F-35 partner nations.

“It’s simply impossible to lift an operational jet with a crane, collapse the front landing gear and then set the nose of the aircraft on the ground without significant risk of damaging it,” Wilkow said. “Real-world, hands-on training can best be accomplished using a repurposed demonstration airframe.”

The 388th Maintenance Group along with the F-35 Joint Program Office rebuilt a retired F-35 that had been taken out of service in June.

The jet used was from another unit and suffered an engine fire during startup while temporarily assigned at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, in 2016. After the incident, the aircraft was transported to Hill AFB for possible repair, where a decision was eventually made to condemn it because of the extensive damage and heavy repair costs.

Wilkow said keeping the aircraft at Hill AFB made sense because the 388th Fighter Wing and Reserve 419th Fighter Wing, which already fly and maintain the F-35A, and the Ogden Air Logistics Complex that performs all F-35 depot-level maintenance, are located here.

After the decision to turn the aircraft into a F-35 training platform for CDDAR was made, the 388th Maintenance Group was able to reassemble most of the airframe within three weeks with equipment, parts, and tooling help from the Joint Program Office and 309th Aircraft Maintenance Group with the Ogden ALC.

Students practice recovery procedures on a reassembled F-35A airframe during a new Crash Damaged or Disabled Aircraft Recovery training course Sept. 13, 2022, at Hill Air Force Base, Utah. The F-35 Joint Program Office’s first CDDAR course included 29 maintainers from across the F-35 program, sister services as well as F-35 partner nations.

“The jet had been stored in pieces at the depot, so three days were spent auditing the parts to confirm everything was there before it was moved to a hangar where the airframe was rebuilt,” Wilkow said.

During this same period, he created the course syllabus and lesson plans for the F-35 JPO, relying on the course development experience he learned during his previous assignment as an instructor with the 372nd Training Squadron.

Wilkow credits everyone involved with the rebuild and for their overall project support, in particular the fighter generation squadrons that devoted significant personnel to putting the jet back together.

Officials said the initial CDDAR training course was successful and the F-35 JPO already has requests to attend future courses.

“Feedback from the individuals who attended the first course were extremely positive and appreciative that there is now a course that provides a hands-on opportunity for F-35 crash recovery,” said Dan Santos with the F-35 JPO. “This course will be extremely beneficial in preparing F-35 emergency responders to respond to a mishap.”

Course participants gather during a new Crash Damaged or Disabled Aircraft Recovery training course Sept. 13, 2022, at Hill Air Force Base, Utah. The F-35 Joint Program Office’s first CDDAR course included 29 maintainers from across the F-35 program, sister services as well as F-35 partner nations.

The 388th Maintenance Group is part of the 388th Fighter Wing and is composed of six squadrons:

  • 388th Maintenance Squadron
  • 388th Logistics Support Squadron
  • 388th Munitions Squadron
  • 4th Fighter Generation Squadron
  • 34th Fighter Generation Squadron
  • 421st Fighter Generation Squadron

The 388th Fighter Wing was selected to fly the new F-35 Lightning II fighter in December 2013, with the first to arrive at the base unveiled on Sept. 2, 2015. In 2010 the wing’s 34th Fighter Squadron inactivated. It activated again in 2015 in order to equip the new airframe. As the 4th and 421st FSs carried the operational load with singular dedication, the 34th FS and the 388th MXG trained on the new fighter and executed the wing’s plan to achieve Initial Operating Capability in accordance with the directive of the Commander of Air Combat Command, accomplished on Aug. 2, 2016. The 421st FS was the last squadron to fly the F-16, and its final jets departed for other wings in September 2017. The 421st Fighter squadron received the wing’s 78th and final F-35 in December 2019 and the wing declared “Full Warfighting Capability” with the F-35 in January 2020. All three fighter squadrons have deployed the F-35A into combat.

Photo credit: U.S. Air Force

This print is available in multiple sizes from AircraftProfilePrints.com – CLICK HERE TO GET YOURS. F-35A Lightning II 56th OG, 61st FS, LF/12-5050 / 2014
Dario Leone

Dario Leone is an aviation, defense and military writer. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviation Geek Club” one of the world’s most read military aviation blogs. His writing has appeared in The National Interest and other news media. He has reported from Europe and flown Super Puma and Cougar helicopters with the Swiss Air Force.

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