The F6F Hellcat
One of the top fighters of World War II, the Grumman F6F Hellcat was a general purpose fighter, designed for use onboard aircraft carriers during the conflict. The aircraft, an improvement on the F4F Wildcat, intended to destroy enemy aircraft, specifically Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zero aircraft.
During the war, the Hellcat achieved an unsurpassed fighter record of downing 5,155 enemy aircraft. This record was also achieved in less than two years of combat operations.
But what was the first encounter between an Imperial Japanese fighter pilot and the legendary Hellcat?
‘Ensign Robert Duncan was deployed on the USS Yorktown in Fighting Squadron 5 in the fall of 1943. This rookie naval aviator was the first to secure a victory against the vaunted A6M Zero in a F6F Hellcat,’ says Maryellen Reilly, a WWII expert, on Quora.
Japanese Zero fighters Vs F6F Hellcat
‘Duncan’s second chance at aerial combat involved a A6M Zero flown by Japanese Ace Warrant officer Toshiuki Sueda with nine victories.
‘Sueda was very good at luring F4F Wildcats into a climbing loop and when the Wildcat stalled and fell away, Sueda would wing over and destroy the Wildcat.
‘Misidentification is a bitch, and Sueda assuming his opponent was a Wildcat went into his climbing loop and Duncan with his spanking new F6F Hellcat with a 2000 HP P&W R-2800 engine followed Sueda into his climb and blew him out of the sky.
‘With it’s speed, armament and armoured protection the Grumman F6F Hellcat was a rude awakening for the Imperial Japanese pilots.’
‘The question was about their first encounter…. It was usually their last encounter.’
Late in the war the Navy conducted evaluations of Allied and captured Axis fighters. The Hellcat ranked at the top in most categories, making it one of the best fighters in the war, an amazing accomplishment considering the very short design-to-production period. In just 30 months, 12,275 Hellcats were produced by Grumman at its Bethpage Plant Number 3, much of the factory still being constructed as some of the first F6Fs were being built inside.