Aviation History

A Christmas miracle: the German Bf 109 Ace who saved the crew of a badly damaged American B-17 by escorting the crippled bomber over the North Sea

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress design emphasized high altitude flight, speed, and heavy defensive armament in order to survive enemy defenses. Advanced turbosupercharged engines allowed it to fly up to about 30,000 feet with a combat load, while powered turrets and flexible guns covered all areas around the aircraft.

The B-17 flew in every combat zone during World War II, but its most significant service was over Europe. Along with the B-24 Liberator, the B-17 formed the backbone of the USAAF strategic bombing force, and it helped win the war by crippling Germany’s war industry.

A Christmas miracle

On December 20, 1943, in the midst of World War II, an era of pain, death, and sadness, an act of peace and nobility unfolded in the skies over Northern Germany. An American B-17 crew was limping home in their badly damaged Flying Fortress after bombing Bremen. A German fighter pilot in his Bf 109 fighter encountered them.

They were enemies, sworn to shoot one another from the sky.

Yet what transpired between the fighter pilot and the bomber crewmen that day, and how the story played out decades later, defies imagination. It had never happened before and it has not happened since. What occurred, in most general terms, may well be one of the most remarkable stories in the history of warfare.

German Bf 109 ace

It was a Christmas miracle in the making. The American B-17 bomber was damaged and defenseless, and the Bf 109 of German ace, Franz Stigler, was primed for an easy kill.

Near the coast of Germany . . . Stigler had never seen a B-17 this damaged. My God, how are you still flying? he thought. Inside the bomber’s cockpit, the rookie American pilot, Charlie Brown, was thinking the same thing.

An air battle had shredded his bomber. Leaning forward to check an engine, a sight made Charlie’s heart skip. There, three feet from his wingtip flew a gray Bf 109. Charlie closed his eyes and opened them but the German was still there. He’s going to destroy us, Charlie concluded.

German Bf 109 ace saves badly damaged American B-17

Instead, Franz did something incredible—he nodded to Charlie. In the presence of his enemy, Franz had changed. He had only become a fighter pilot to avenge his brother, a pilot killed early in the war. But there, alongside the defenseless B-17, Franz decided to break the cycle of violence, to spare the bomber and escort it out of Germany.

Choosing life over death, he escorted the bomber to the North Sea, saluted the American pilot, and flew away.

Charlie and his fellow airmen had hopes of reaching England again, thanks to the mysterious German ace who held his fire. Brown in fact wrestled his B-17 “Ye Olde Pub” back to England after the extremely harrowing mission. As Brown fought to keep his plane in the air, P-47s who had also participated in the raid over Bremen, encountered “The Pub,” marveled at the damaged bomber, and helped escort her to a safe landing at Seething Air Base, England.

But now, it was Franz’s life that was in danger. A quaint German village lay below, warm and inviting, just four days before Christmas. But it was wartime. If anyone had reported Franz for sparing the enemy, he would have faced a firing squad as a traitor. Luckily no one caught a glimpse of his markings and Franz survived the war.

Brothers separated for 46 years

Charlie never forgot Franz’s gesture. In his old age, Brown searched the world for Franz and in 1990 they reunited, not as former enemies but as brothers separated for 46 years. In the years that followed, their friendship developed to the point where Stigler himself considered Brown to be as precious as the brother he had lost.

First paragraph from A HIGHER CALL: An Incredible True Story of Combat and Chivalry in the War-Torn Skies of World War II by Adam Makos and Larry Alexander, with permission from Dutton Caliber, an imprint of Penguin Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House LLC. Copyright 2014 by Adam Makos and Larry Alexander.

Print credit: “The Guardian” by Nicolas Trudgian. Prints available at ValorStudios.com and “The Guardian Returns” by Nicolas Trudgian. Prints available at ValorStudios.com

This print is available in multiple sizes from AircraftProfilePrints.com – CLICK HERE TO GET YOURS. B-17G Flying Fortress – 42-31076, LG-V “Chief Sly’s Son” 91st BG, 322nd BS – 1944
Dario Leone

Dario Leone is an aviation, defense and military writer. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviation Geek Club” one of the world’s most read military aviation blogs. His writing has appeared in The National Interest and other news media. He has reported from Europe and flown Super Puma and Cougar helicopters with the Swiss Air Force.

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