Aviation History


Major Clarke’s A-7D made ‘a very low pass’ on the guns to protect the Jolly and took a hit ‘by something that felt like a 57mm.’ He lost all his systems and pulled up into the clouds ‘with what I hoped was wings level. About that time a SAM radar picked me up, and things didn’t look too good….’

The A-7D is a single-seat, tactical close air support aircraft derived from the U.S. Navy’s A-7. The first A-7D made its initial flight in April 1968, and deliveries of production models began in December 1968. When A-7D production ended in 1976, LTV had delivered 459 to the U.S. Air Force.

The A-7D demonstrated its outstanding ground attack capability flying with the 354th Tactical Fighter Wing (TFW) at Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, during the closing months of the Vietnam War.

The mission that the 354th TFW expected to perform when they entered combat in late 1972 was what the A-7 had been designed to do.. close support of combat troops in contact. But by that time, the bulk of U.S. combat troops had been withdrawn, and they ended up with two entirely different missions. The first, interdiction, was no surprise. The second was a surprise, and there were many skeptics when the A-7’s were assigned the role of replacing the venerable and respected A-1 in the Search And Rescue (SAR) “Sandy” Role. Within three weeks of receiving this assignment, the SLUF (Short, Little, Ugly, Fucker as the A-7 was nicknamed by her aircrews) laid all doubts to rest.

The following story, reported in Lou Drendel book A-7 Corsair II in action, first appeared in Air Force Magazine, in August 1973. It was written by their Executive Editor, John L. Frisbee.

“On Nov. 16, 1972, an F-105 Wild Weasel had been hit by a SAM in the vicinity of Thanh Hoa, on the coast, some ninety miles south of Hanoi. The Weasel crew bailed out at about 11:00 PM, landing at the base of the first ridge line west of the city. The following day, three of the 354th Sandys went up in very bad weather and got the survivor located, part way up the ridge line, but separated from each other.

A SAR force of about seventy-five aircraft was put together late that day and during the night by the Joint Rescue Coordination Center at Tan Son Nhut Air Base, near Saigon. It included F-105 Wild Weasels to suppress the SAMs around Than Hoa, F-4 ‘Wolf’ FACs and F-4 MiGCAP aircraft, tankers, an HC-130 Kingbird (the mission coordinator), H-53 Jolly Green rescue Helicopters, A-7D’s with smoke for screening purposes, and three 354th TFW Sandy’s. Pickup was set for first light the following day, with takeoff for the Sandys at 0430.

Major Colin A. “Arnie” Clarke, who was operations officer of the 354th’s SAR organization, led the Sandys. He has been awarded the Air Force Cross for his part in the show.

The Sandys rendezvoused with the Jolly Greens above a solid overcast along the Laos-North Vietnam border. While the Jollys held in orbit, Major Clarke and his wingmen worked east from the Plaine des Jarres in Laos, looking for a break in the overcast through which a chopper could let down. Approach from the Gulf of Tonkin seemed out of the question. The Thanh Hoa area was heavily defended by anti-aircraft guns and SAMs, while just north of the town was a MiG field.

Major Clarke told his wingmen to hold while he let down several times into narrow valleys, trusting to the accuracy of his Projected Map Display and radar altimeter. Each time he broke out under very low ceilings, the valley proved too narrow to turn in, and ahead the clouds closed down over rises in the ground.

Giving up on the valleys, Clarke climbed up on top, flew east, and let down over the Gulf to see if there was any way to work a Jolly through the enemy defenses along the coast. There wasn’t. He did get the survivors pinpointed and marked on his Projected Map Display so both men on the ground could be found immediately on return.

Clarke now went back over the Gulf, picked up his wingmen and the smoke-carrying A-7’s, and took them in to see where the survivors were. The A-7’s took several .51 caliber hits. But weather in the pick-up area had improved somewhat – 2,500 foot ceiling with lower broken clouds, rain, and three miles visibility. It was still too low for the supporting F-4’s to use their delay-fuzed CBU antipersonnel bomblets against enemy gun positions. To the west, the only approach route for the choppers, it was still down in the valleys.

Everything pointed to an aborted mission. But Major Clark ‘knew that the weather wouldn’t be any better for days. The survivors couldn’t last that long.’ Having been shot down himself on an earlier tour as an F-100 ‘Misty FAC’, he knew that it was now or never.

going back west again, Major Clarke let down on instruments in a valley wide enough to turn in. While he orbited just above the ground, one of the Jollys did a DF letdown on him, but ran low on fuel, climbed back through the clouds and headed for home.

The mission was now six hours old.

Two more Jollys came up from Nakon Phanom and held while Clarke went out to a tanker for a rest and fuel. At that point, he set a pickup time for the SAR force. Going back west, he once more let down on instruments in a valley ‘wide enough to hold a two-G turn’ and a chopper DFed down on his position – about forty five miles west of the survivors.

Flying ahead and doing 360 degree turns to stay with the chopper, Clarke led it to near the pickup area, where he told the Jolly to hold while he went in to get the survivors alerted and suppress fire from enemy guns.

Clarke now discovered a .51 caliber gun position on the ridge, just above one survivor, who was hiding in tall brush. ‘A guy could have thrown a hand grenade from the gun pits onto the survivor.’ He and his wingmen kept fire on the guns while the A-7 smoke birds laid down a screen.

By this time, there was a lot of lead flying around and a lot of chatter on the radio. The Jolly Green pilot decided to come in, unaware of the gun position close to one survivor. Miraculously, he made both pickups, then headed west, directly past the .51 gun pits.

Clarke made ‘a very low pass’ on the guns to protect the Jolly and took a hit “by something that felt like a 57mm.’ He lost all his systems and pulled up into the clouds ‘with what I hoped was wings level. About that time a SAM radar picked me up, and things didn’t look too good.’ The SAM apparently didn’t fire.

Clarke broke out on top, joined up with a couple of A-7s, and made an IFR landing at Da Nang, flying the wing of one A-7. Mission time: about nine hours.

The ’57mm hit’ turned out to have been a .51 caliber tracer that exploded one of his empty wing tanks, blowing in the side of the fuselage and bowing the underside of the wing.”

In 1973 the USAF began assigning A-7Ds to the Air National Guard (ANG), and by 1987 they were being flown by ANG units in 10 states and Puerto Rico. A-7Ds participated in Operation Just Cause in Panama in 1989. The last A-7Ds were retired in the early 1990s.

Photo credit: U.S. Air Force

Additional source: U.S. Air Force

Dario Leone

Dario Leone is an aviation, defense and military writer. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviation Geek Club” one of the world’s most read military aviation blogs. His writing has appeared in The National Interest and other news media. He has reported from Europe and flown Super Puma and Cougar helicopters with the Swiss Air Force.

Recent Posts

USAF F-15E WSO recalls when he and his pilot shot down an Iraqi Mi-24 with a 2000lb laser-guided bomb during Operation Desert Storm

The F-15E Strike Eagle To meet the US Air Force (USAF) requirement for air-to-ground missions, the F-15E… Read More

22 hours ago

USAF F-16 Pilot explains why in a War against Russia or China he would Rather Fly the F-35 in combat than the F-22

The F-22 Raptor The F-22 Raptor is combination of stealth, supercruise, maneuverability, and integrated avionics,… Read More

2 days ago

After nearly 50 years at Davis-Monthan, the 355th Wing begins divesting its fleet of A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft

Davis-Monthan Air Force Base begins divesting its fleet of A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft After nearly… Read More

2 days ago

“The left afterburner technique” and SR-71 special problems: here’s what made Blackbird air refueling challenging

The KC-135Q tanker It’s impossible to overemphasise the essential role played by the KC-135Q tanker crews, without… Read More

3 days ago

Rather than move up the ranking ladder, he just wanted to fly: The story of World’s high-time F-16 pilot

The F-16 Fighting Falcon Sleek, futuristic and deadly – the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon… Read More

3 days ago